Gruber, H., & Harteis, C. (2018). Individual and social influences on
professional learning: Supporting the acquisition and maintenance of
expertise. Cham: Springer.
This book examines professional learning and relates it to the
acquisition of expertise, and the influence of individuals.
Professional learning, as discussed in the book, comprises all kinds of
occupational domains because employment and paid work usually follow
the achievement principle, i.e. workers are expected to perform
efficiently. The book suggests that the perspective of expertise
research is an appropriate lens to use for gaining insight in how
individuals can be prepared and enabled to autonomously master the
requirements of daily working life. Expertise is understood as the
capacity to reliably perform on an extraordinary level, and the basic
assumption is that experts are best prepared to successfully cope with
future challenges at workplaces. The book comprehensively discusses
issues of expertise research and explores the nature of a successful
individual and an impeded individual. It proposes an integrated model
of individual and social components of expertise development, the i-PPP
model. The model provides insight in and an understanding of how
individuals can be enabled to develop and maintain professional
expertise in the context of daily work.
Across all paradigms, researchers, policy-makers, employers and trade
unionists agree that working conditions undergo permanent change
through economic, societal, and technological developments. Recently,
the digitalisation of (working) life became a hot topic of scientific
and societal discourses. Workplaces, thus, provide challenges for
individuals who have to be able to cope with workplace changes.
Accordingly, new challenges emerge for an adequate understanding of
learning for work as well as learning during work.